Exploring energy storage part 2
Should storage be counted as renewable energy?
My answer is yes.
Don’t just take my word for it. In the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), Congress declared all energy storage as eligible for investment tax credits. Even if it stores electricity and charges from the grid, which includes an energy mix of both renewable and non-renewable energy, an energy storage system still counts as part of an integrated renewable portfolio.
Let’s explore why.
While most new storage going online is for renewable energy generated by solar or wind, Congress allows traditional energy storage to qualify for the #IRA incentives because that additional storage capacity is helping the grid in two ways: 1.) it reduces the need for costly upgrades to the grid and 2.) it alleviates demand for grid support. Grid services include maintaining voltage and frequency stability, are they are critical to maintaining #reliability in today’s overworked, outdated grid.
Storage is a Swiss Army knife for the electrical grid. It’s able to meet virtually any demand and store electricity generated by any source.
As we’re storing more energy than ever, we’re creating a cleaner #grid.
The Energy Department estimates that utility-scale battery storage capacity in the United States will more than triple in the next three years from 9.2 gigawatts (GW) at the end of 2022 to 30 gigawatts (GW) by the end of 2025.
One of the best things about storage is that it can go anywhere, from large facilities to small ones, while using various technologies.
Energy storage also fills multiple roles, such as #renewable energy integration, energy demand management, energy-time shift (releasing energy at times when it’s most needed), backup power in times of crisis, frequency, and voltage control and in general strengthens the resiliency and reliability of the grid.
That first application is perhaps the most important towards our clean energy goals. Combining #battery energy storage systems with intermittent renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, allows dispatchability. It’s about control. Storage lets us control what kind of electricity we use and when. As a result of this integration, we will have more renewables penetration, which will change the outlook of the electric grid to a more resilient, reliable, and green source. Furthermore, renewables are now the world’s cheapest energy source that also mitigates fuel price volatility – so the ability to add more renewables will also ultimately bring lower, more stable electricity prices to energy consumers.
We still face challenges. Most storage on the market contains lithium-ion batteries, a critical mineral also in high demand for the burgeoning electric vehicle sector.
The demand for lithium will increase 40 times by 2040, the International Energy Agency estimates. Research conducted by the Climate and Community Project and University of California, Davis, says the U.S. transition to electric vehicles could require three times as much lithium as is currently produced for the entire global market.
Increasing the use of recycled material is an opportunity to reduce demand for #lithium or other critical minerals, in addition to increasing environmental sustainability. Another way to reduce supply and environmental risks is by developing new kinds of storage in commonly found resources, such as sodium-ion and green hydrogen. I’ll be writing more about that, in a later article.
Finally, storage can reduce the need to build new transmission and distribution (T&D) lines, which is currently one of the biggest bottlenecks to achieving the energy transition. Battery storage can take the load off overtaxed transmission lines and mitigate congestion.
#Transmission congestion has long troubled California; rolling blackouts in 2001 were exacerbated by a choke point between Northern and Southern California. More storage on either side of these lines can provide relief which can then reduce T&D congestion and save money.
So, storage is an important part of a renewable portfolio for a myriad of reasons. As more renewables come online, it will become even more important. We’re excited to be part of this revolution.
Sara Kayal first published this article on LinkedIn in on March 6, 2023. To leave a comment or question, please view the original post here.
About the author:
Sara has over a decade of international engineering and operational experience in high tech industries active in the Solar PV industry since 2008 working across US, Europe and APAC prior to joining Lightsource. She joins Lightsource bp from Shell, where she was the Head of Global Technology and Engineering, Sara’s expertise includes managing external development and execution partners such as owner’s engineering and technical advisors to support development, execution and commissioning of PV power plants with and without storage components; in addition, supporting internal teams such as BD and origination teams to optimize the technical/commercial solutions, Sara is based in the San Francisco, heading up the technical integration of PV plants with storage systems, including various types of battery storage and supporting bp’s green hydrogen efforts where appropriate. Read Sara’s leadership story here.
Energy Solutions: Adding Storage
At Lightsource bp, our flexible, intelligent utility scale battery storage solutions enable us to further our mission to deliver affordable, sustainable solar power to businesses and communities around the world.
More expert insights from our leaders
Jan 03, 2023
Exploring energy storage part 1: The rapidly changing world of renewable energy storage
Article by Sara Kayal
Apr 11, 2022
Energy buyer guide part 1: What is the best way to buy clean energy?
Article by Emilie Wangerman
May 25, 2022
Energy buyer guide part 2: Why are you buying clean energy?
Article by Emilie Wangerman