Responsible Solar: Environmental Stewardship

We’re committed to restoring healthy air, protecting ecosystems, fostering biodiversity, improving waste management and circularity in the energy industry

Sustainable land management for every solar farm

Our dedication to a sustainable future goes beyond delivering safe, clean and affordable energy for all. 

As stewards of the land, we have developed a land management and biodiversity framework to support wildlife populations and habitat on our project sites. Through this framework, our solar farms become long-term homes for conservation, wildlife, agricultural opportunities and community benefits. Our goal is to deliver biodiversity net gain on our operational assets, measured 5+ years post construction. 

Our multiuse solar farms: where clean energy, habitat enhancement, conservation and agriculture live in harmony

“Dual-use solar” layers additional social, agricultural or ecosystem benefits into a solar farm. Lightsource bp often goes a step beyond dual land use, building multiuse solar projects on which clean energy generation, agriculture, habitat enhancement, conservation, and research share the land under and around the solar panels.

Click on each item to learn about some of the multiuse solar activities happening at our solar projects.

Integrating agriculture

Lightsource bp is actively working to integrate agricultural enterprises, including sheep grazing and beekeeping, on solar projects across the US.

Learn about agrivoltaics

Boosting biodiversity & habitat conservation

Lightsource bp’s goal is to increase biodiversity at our solar projects, creating habitat for a variety and abundance of species under and around the solar panels.

Learn about biodiversity gain

Research & monitoring

Academic research and long-term monitoring provide the data that we and our peers need to establish best practices for environmental stewardship in the utility-scale solar industry.

Learn about these projects


Recycling and solar panel safety are top priorities

As part of our Responsible Solar approach, we’re committed to managing our solar farms across America with the best interests of communities — and the land — in mind. This includes the safety testing and responsible end-of-life management of solar photovoltaic (PV) panels.

Tested for your safety 

The layers of a solar panel are strongly laminated, and all materials are sealed inside tempered glass — the same material as car windshields and hurricane windows. In addition, Lightsource bp requires all solar panels used on our projects to pass strict testing protocols established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to ensure that solar panels, even if broken, are non-hazardous for people and the environment. The EPA testing protocol is called the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP).

Our commitment to recycling with U.S. partners

Lightsource bp was the first solar developer in the U.S. to pledge we would recycle all our solar panels. We only use preferred U.S. recycling partners that have been thoroughly evaluated by the Solar Energy Industry Association (SEIA). 

Recycling facilities that have been vetted by SEIA: 

  • Must collect and process in the U.S., no exporting 
  • Must be accredited 
  • Must strive for maximum material recovery and second life usage 
  • Must work sustainably and promote sustainability 

Lightsource bp is a board member of SEIA. Together, we are dedicated to responsible end-of-life management and are proactively developing collection and recycling processes for the solar industry as a whole. 

More about our commitments

Solar panel safety & recycling

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Recycling success for Indiana solar construction

It can be done! Honeysuckle Solar recycles 100% of solar panels and 88% of additional waste

Read the case study

Learn from our experts

Ebook: Environmental best practices for solar projects

The rapid growth of solar around the world has raised new questions about siting and land use. Lightsource bp is leading the industry in employing a range of best practices as part of our Responsible Solar Approach, layering additional environmental benefits beyond clean energy.

Learn more about our Responsible Solar approach

What is Responsible Solar?

Learn about our commitment to developing Responsible Solar projects for people and the planet

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People & communities

Learn about our commitment to maximizing the social benefits of our solar projects

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Our primary purpose: delivering affordable, emissions free energy through responsibly developed solar and storage projects

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